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Dedicated Family Law Advocates


Knoxville Adoption Lawyers

Adoption Attorneys Serving Tennessee

Protecting Your Rights Throughout The Adoption Process

Adoption Lawyer - Knoxville, TN

Our Knoxville adoption lawyers can help you adoptif you are considering adopting a child, we congratulate you on your decision to give a child a loving family through adoption! Adoption is a wonderful way to expand your family, and our attorneys can guide you through the many options you have. Providing a home to a child is one of the most rewarding ways to expand your family, whether you are adopting a step-child, a relative, or a child from another country.

Our adoption attorneys in Knoxville, TN at The Barnett Firm can help you with understanding your options, the adoption laws, and the necessary regulations.  Let us help you to ensure a smooth adoption process so you can focus on the many decisions that come with being a new parent.

We can assist you in both open and closed adoption(s) of children throughout Eastern Tennessee.

In an open adoption, you and the biological parents exchange information, whereas in a closed adoption, you won’t be in contact with the biological parents and no one knows each other’s identities.

The Barnett Firm team can help guide you through the adoption process, whether you are a private party or working with an agency.

Our adoption attorneys represent clients involved in several types of adoptions including:

  • Agency Adoption
  • Contested Adoption
  • Foster Parent Adoption
  • Grandparent Adoption
  • International Adoptions
  • Interstate Adoptions
  • Private or Independent Adoption
  • Relative Adoption
  • Step Parent & Relative Adoption
  • Termination of Parental Rights

In most cases, adoption falls into one of these categories. We have experience with all types of adoptions and the many unconventional situations that might arise during this important process. It is important to follow certain legal steps when you are considering adoption to expand your family. You should choose an attorney who is highly knowledgeable and experienced in adoption law. There are legal arrangements and contracts to consider between yourself and the birth parents, as well as adoption costs and expenses.

When adoption involves bringing a child here from another country, additional issues need to be considered.  Let our experienced adoption lawyers help you build your family, look out for your interests, and protect the best interests of your child.  Working with us will ease the stress of the process so you can focus on your family.

How to Adopt in Tennessee?

To adopt a child in Tennessee, either you can foster to adopt through the Department of Children’s Services, you can do a private adoption, or you can contact one of Tennessee’s adoption agencies.

Tennessee laws regulate qualifications for adoptive parents. If you are looking to adopt a child in Tennessee, we can help you better understand the laws and regulations for adoption.

To become an adoptive parent you:

  • You must be 18 years or older to do a private adoption and at least 21 years old to do a foster care adoption
  • If you are not related to the child, you must have been a resident of the state for at least six months (exceptions may be made for military personnel)
  • You must demonstrate that you can financially and emotionally manage the care of your adopted child

You must be able to meet the financial and emotional needs of your own family. If you are stable and can provide a child with the love, as well as the support he or she needs, you may be a candidate to become an adoptive parent.

What is the Adoption Process in Tennessee?

Tennessee recognizes various types of adoption, such as stepparent adoptions, foster parent adoptions, adult adoptions, private adoptions, and adoptions handled by domestic and international agencies. State adoptions follow a specific framework that is subject to county regulations and procedures.

DCS foster parents who are currently caring for foster children will be the first option if that child becomes available for adoption if they are foster parents with DCS. As a potential adoptive parent who is not currently a foster parent, you will have to undergo required self-assessments and education. As a result, you will be better able to understand a child’s feelings as well as the strengths of your own family.

In the event that you are not currently a foster parent, DCS requires you to undergo a formal home study conducted by a licensed agency. Taking these precautions ensures that the prospective child will be safe and productive in your home. A home study will provide the agency with information about your family, references about your parenting skills, financial statements, medical records, and other information. The purpose of this study is to determine if the child will be a good fit for you and your family.

How Can An Adoption Lawyer Help You?

An adoption attorney is a legal professional who specializes in guiding individuals and families through the legal aspects of the adoption process. Their role is to provide legal advice, facilitate necessary legal proceedings, ensure compliance with adoption laws, and protect the rights and interests of all parties involved in the adoption.

Here are common things an adoption attorney does:

Legal Consultation and Advice – an adoption attorney offers initial consultations to prospective adoptive parents, birth parents, and other parties involved. They explain the legal requirements, options, and processes associated with adoption, helping clients make informed decisions.

Adoption Planning and Guidance – adoption attorneys assist clients in developing an adoption plan that aligns with their preferences and circumstances. This might involve discussing the type of adoption, the selection of an adoption agency or facilitator, and the steps to be taken.

Navigating Adoption Laws – adoption laws vary from state to state and can be complex. An adoption attorney ensures that clients understand the legal requirements in their jurisdiction and helps them navigate the legal system effectively.

Preparing and Reviewing Legal Documents – adoption involves a variety of legal documents, such as consent forms, relinquishment documents, adoption petitions, and court filings. An adoption attorney prepares, reviews, and ensures the accuracy of these documents to comply with legal standards.

Termination of Parental Rights (TPR) – in cases where birth parents do not consent to the adoption, an adoption attorney may initiate and guide the process of terminating their parental rights. This involves legal proceedings to prove that TPR is in the best interest of the child.

Interstate and International Adoptions – if the adoption involves parties from different states or countries, an adoption attorney helps navigate the additional legal requirements, including compliance with the Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children (ICPC) for interstate placements and adherence to international adoption laws.

Representing Clients in Court – adoption attorneys represent their clients in court during adoption hearings and finalization proceedings. They present the case to the judge, answer any legal questions, and advocate for their clients’ rights and interests.

Facilitating Open Adoptions – in cases of open adoption where birth parents and adoptive parents maintain some level of contact, an adoption attorney may help establish and document the terms of the open adoption agreement to ensure legal enforceability.

Resolving Legal Issues: if legal issues arise during the adoption process, such as disputes over parental rights or challenges with birth parent consent, an adoption attorney works to resolve these matters in the best interests of their clients and the child.

Post-Adoption Matters – even after the adoption is finalized, an adoption attorney can provide legal guidance for matters like name changes, securing amended birth certificates, and ensuring the proper transfer of parental rights.

Overall, an adoption attorney’s role is to provide legal expertise, guide clients through the complexities of adoption, and facilitate a smooth and legally sound adoption process while ensuring the welfare of the child is of utmost importance.

What Is Your Approach To Adoption Cases?

Attorneys are responsible for ensuring that their clients’ children are safe in their homes. To ensure that your child is permanently secure in your home, we take a methodical, conservative approach.

When needed, we take an aggressive stance in contested litigation because you don’t need to be timid when seeking the child’s best interests. We will not assist you if what you seek is not in the best interest of the child.

Do you support birth parents in adoption cases?

Yes – birth parents are welcome!

We can help you understand where to begin if you are considering or want to place your child for adoption. We can also help you if your child is out of your home and you want information about your choices or to stop an adoption.

We can help you understand these common questions:

What are the Tennessee adoption laws? (click here)

How much does it cost to adopt a child in TN? (click here)

How long is the adoption process in Tennessee?

How hard is it to adopt a baby in Tennessee?

What are the rules for adoption in Tennessee?

Where can I adopt a child in Tennessee?

How long does a birth mother have to change her mind in Tennessee? (learn more)

How long does a mother have to be absent to lose her rights in Tennessee?

Can a child be adopted without the father’s consent in Tennessee?

Some other common questions people have when considering adopting a child?

When considering adopting a child, prospective adoptive parents often have a wide range of questions and concerns. These questions can vary depending on individual circumstances, but here are some common questions that people might have:

What type of adoption is right for us? (learn more)

Prospective parents might be unsure whether they should pursue domestic adoption, international adoption, foster care adoption, or private adoption.

What are the eligibility requirements for adopting a child?

People often want to know if there are age, marital status, income, or other requirements they need to meet to be eligible to adopt.

What is the adoption process like?

Understanding the steps involved in the adoption process, the timeline, and the paperwork required can be a significant concern.

What is the cost of adoption? (click here)

Adoptive parents want to know about the financial aspects of adoption, including agency fees, legal fees, travel expenses (for international adoption), and other related costs.

What are the legal aspects of adoption? (click here)

Questions about legal requirements, birth parent rights, termination of parental rights, and the legal process of adoption are common.

What is open adoption vs. closed adoption? (learn more)

Prospective parents might want to understand the differences between open, semi-open, and closed adoptions, and what level of contact they’ll have with the birth parents.

How long does the adoption process take?

The timeline for adoption can vary widely depending on the type of adoption and individual circumstances. People often want to know how long they should expect to wait.

What information will we receive about the child’s background and medical history? (learn more)

Adoptive parents usually want to know what kind of information they’ll have access to regarding the child’s health, medical history, and family background.

How do we prepare our home for the adopted child?

This could involve questions about childproofing, setting up a nursery, and making the home welcoming for the new addition.

What are the emotional aspects of adoption?

People often ask about how to navigate the emotional challenges of adoption, including bonding with the child, dealing with potential feelings of loss or grief, and addressing any potential attachment issues.

What support services are available?

Prospective parents may want to know about counseling, support groups, and other resources available to help them throughout the adoption journey.

What are the potential challenges in raising an adopted child?

Questions about potential behavioral, psychological, or identity-related challenges that adopted children might face can be a concern.

How do we talk to our child about their adoption story?

Parents often want guidance on how to approach conversations with their child about their adoption in an age-appropriate and sensitive manner.

What are the rights of birth parents in the adoption process?

Prospective adoptive parents may want to know about birth parents’ rights, consent, and potential contact.

What are the long-term implications of adoption for our family?

People might be curious about how adoption will impact their family dynamics, relationships, and future plans.

It’s important to note that each adoption journey is unique, and these questions represent just a subset of the many considerations and concerns that people might have when contemplating adopting a child. Consulting with adoption professionals, agencies, and other adoptive parents can provide valuable insights and support throughout the decision-making process.

Contact A Knoxville Adoption Attorney

At The Barnett Firm, we have the experience, resources, and skills needed to help you navigate all aspects of the adoption process. Our Knoxville, TN adoption attorneys can help you make sure your rights are protected. We understand that adoptions can be emotionally sensitive – we will work hard to ensure that every detail of your adoption is covered so that you can welcome your new child into your family. Call TODAY for help!

The Barnett Firm

The Barnett Firm